Al Jolson; date uniknown
Al Jolson on Wikipedia
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Al Jolson
Forecourt Ceremony held on Friday, March 12, 1936
Born: Asa Yoelson, May 26, 1886, in Seredzius, Lithuania (Russian Empire)
Age at the time of the ceremony: 49
Died: October 23, 1950, in San Francisco, California, age 64
Al Jolson epitomizes the American entertainment business in the first half of the 20th Century. In fact, Al Jolson was often billed as "The World's Greatest Entertainer" even before his game-changing appearance in the first successful talking picture The Jazz Singer in 1927. Seemingly born to entertain, Jolson performed before the troops in World War II, and enjoyed a resurgeance of popularity when two film biographies were released just prior to his death in 1950.

Born into a Jewish household in Lithuania, Jolson's father emigrated to America when Asa was only five. By 1894, Moses Yoelson had become the cantor at Talmud Torah Congragation in Washington D.C., and had brought his family over. Unhappily, Asa's mother Naomi died the following year, causing a great sadness in the young lad, which was relieved by his discovery, along with his brother Harry, of —  showbiz! Asa and Harry began singing for tips on street corners while attending vaudeville shows.

Asa's singing got him gigs at the circus, in burlesque and in vaudeville. Soon he and Harry were being handled by the William Morris Agency. Teaming up with Joe Palmer, Al began signing Afro-American material in blackface, which became his trademark of a kind; Jolson has been credited with introducing white audiences to Black music.

In 1905, Harry left the act, and in 1906, Palmer and Jolson had split. Jolson spent some time singing in post-earthquake San Francisco (Sid Grauman was in town; did they meet?), then returned to New York, where he did his blackface routine in Dockstader's Minstrels. Signed by theatrical producer J.J. Schubert, Jolson was cast in La Belle Paree at the Winter Garden Theatre on Broadway in 1911, and became an immediate star. An amazing ascendenacy followed, with the Schubert's mounting shows for Jolson, who by this time had created a blackface character named "Gus Jackson"; by the time Robinson Crusoe, Jr. opened in 1916, with Jolson playing Good Friday and Jackson in blackface, he was making $2,000 per week. Jolson toured in Crusoe, Jr. extensively.

The 1918 Broadway show Sinbad provided Jolson with his enduring songs, "My Mammy" by Young, Lewis, and Donaldson, and "Swanee" by Caesar and Gershwin. Jolson was the biggest star on Broadway; recordings made him an international star. The Schubert's built and named a theatre after him. Many hits followed.

Al Jolson had been filmed signing for the Vitaphone short A Plantation Act (released in October 1926). After seeing Jolson perform in Robinson Crusoe, Jr., writer Sam Raphelson was inspired to write a story which would eventually become the Warner Bros. talkieThe Jazz Singer, in which Jolson starred (it was released in October 1927), electrifying audiences who had never seen anything like it before at the movies. The form changed forever.

Warners' put Jolson into the mill, producing The Singing Fool (released in September 1929), Mammy (released in March 1930), and Big Boy (released in September 1930). Jolson returned to New York briefly, then returned to the cameras for Lewis Milestone's Hallelujah, I'm a Bum (released in February 1933). Jolson returned to star in Wonder Bar (released in March 1934) and Go Into Your Dance (released in April 1935). Jolson's last film for Warner Bros., The Singing Kid, was in the can and ready for its release in April, when Sid Grauman asked him to do the usual hand and footprints (and also kneeprints) in the Forecourt in March 1936.

Moving over to 20th Century-Fox, Jolson co-starred in Rose of Washington Sqaure (released in May 1939) and also had a second-banana role in Swanee River (which played the Chinese in December 1939). World War II brought the dejected Jolson out of his doledrums: he became the first American entertainer to perform before troops in uniforn beginning in early 1942, and continued throughout the war, contracting malaria and loosing a lung in the process.

Jolson played himself in the George Gershwin biopic Rhapsody in Blue (released in September 1945), then dubbed for actor Larry Parks, who played Jolson in the biopic The Jolson Story (released in October 1946) and Jolson Sings Again (released in August 1949). Jolson had lept at the chance to perform before troops in Korea. He was hoping to star in a film about USO tours in the South Pacific at R-K-O called Stars and Stripes Forever, but Jolson suffered a fatal heart attack while playing cards with friends in San Francisco at the age of 64. His son was given the Medal of Merit for his father's tireless efforts two months after Jolson's death by defense secretary George Marshall.
Grauman's Chinese Theatre, Hollywood, California. Al Jolson Forecourt block. Executed by Jean Klossner, Friday, March 12, 1936. 55 x 56 inches.
Grauman's Chinese Theatre, Hollywood, California. Al Jolson Forecourt ceremony, Friday, March 12, 1936. Al Jolson is assisted in making his footprints by Sid Grauman and cement artist Jean Klossner.
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